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The Basics

Canada is a diverse, progressive, peaceful and welcoming nation known for its pristine wilderness and stunning natural beauty. It’s vast and varied — a place for both bucket list adventure and sophisticated culture, Canada’s lively, multicultural cities contrast with the untouched wilderness at the edge of its urban centers. 

Location

Canada is at the top of North America above the United States. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean. The US is to the south and to the north is the Arctic Ocean. Canada takes up nearly half of the North American continent.

Size

Canada is the second-largest country in the world after Russia. Its land covers 3.8 million square miles (9.9 million square kilometers).

Coast

The country has the longest coastline on the planet: 151,000 miles (243,000 kilometers).

Population

Canada’s population is 36 million, concentrated along the U.S.-Canada border. It is a sparsely populated country with just 10 people per square mile (four people per square kilometer). 

Make-up

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, The Northwest Territories and Yukon Territory.

Major Cities

Canada’s largest city is Toronto, Ontario, followed by Vancouver, British Columbia, Montreal, Quebec and Calgary, Alberta.

Demographics

Canada is a youthful country and immigrants make up 21% of its population, meaning one in five is foreign born. The majority of immigrants come from Asia. About 20% of the population identify as visible minorities. This is the population breakdown by province/territory.

Government

Canada is a constitutional monarchy and Parliamentary democracy. Its capital city is Ottawa, Ontario. The Prime Minister of Canada is Justin Trudeau, the Leader of the Liberal Party.

Fun Facts

Polar Bear capital

of the world

Produces 70% of the world's

maple syrup

Produces 70% of the world's

maple syrup

Produces 70% of the world's

maple syrup

Province & Territory Facts

Alberta

Population 4,067,175
Capital City Edmonton
Largest City Calgary
Major Airports
  • YYC (Calgary)
  • YEG (Edmonton)

British Columbia

Population 4,648,055
Capital City Victoria
Largest City Vancouver
Major Airports
  • YVR (Vancouver)

Travel Times to Vancouver

Delhi 14 hr 25 min

Weather Average

British Columbia has a number of different climatic zones. In general, temperatures are warmer in the south; rainfall is heaviest along the coast; and winters coldest in the interior.

Manitoba

Population 1,278,365
Major Airports
  • YWG (Winnipeg)

New Brunswick

Population 747,101
Capital City Fredericton
Largest City Moncton
Major Airports
  • YFC (Fredericton)

Travel Times to Fredericton

Boston 4 hr 10 min
New York City 3 hr 50 min
Chicago 4 hr 45 min
Los Angeles 8 hr 0 min

Weather Average

New Brunswick has a typical continental climate with warm summers and cold winters, with slightly milder winters on the Gulf of St. Lawrence coastline.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Population 519,716
Major Airports
  • YYT (St. John's)

Northwest Territories

Population 41,786
Major Airports
  • YZF (Yellowknife)

Nova Scotia

Population 923,598
Major Airports
  • YHZ (Halifax)

Nunavut

Population 35,944
Capital City Iqaluit
Largest City Iqaluit
Major Airports
  • YFB (Iqaluit)

Travel Times to Iqaluit

Boston 7 hr 25 min
New York City 7 hr 45 min
Chicago 15 hr 30 min
Los Angeles 11 hr 15 min

Weather Average

Temperatures in Nunavut vary widely. In winter the days are short and cold, in the summer the Midnight Sun shines brightly over Nunavut with nearly 24-hour sunshine.

Ontario

Population 13,488,494
Capital City Toronto
Largest City Toronto
Major Airports
  • YYZ (Toronto)
  • YOW (Ottawa)

Travel Times to Toronto

Delhi 14 hr 25 min

Weather Average

Ontario has a continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters.

Prince Edward Island

Population 142,907
Major Airports
  • YYG (Charlottetown)

Quebec

Population 8,164,361
Major Airports
  • YQB (Québec City)
  • YUL (Montréal)

Saskatchewan

Population 1,098,352
Capital City Regina
Largest City Saskatoon
Major Airports
  • YQR (Regina)
  • YXE (Saskatoon)

Weather Average

Chicago: [270]
'Los Angeles': [355]
'New York City': [370]
Boston: [405]

Yukon

Population 35,874
Capital City Whitehorse
Largest City Whitehorse
Major Airports
  • YXY (Whitehorse)

Travel Times to Whitehorse

Delhi 19 hr 20 min

Weather Average

The Yukon has a sub-arctic continental climate with shorter warm summers and very cold, dark winters - perfect for aurora viewing!