Canada is a diverse, progressive, peaceful and welcoming nation known for its pristine wilderness and stunning natural beauty. It’s vast and varied — a place for both bucket list adventure and sophisticated culture, Canada’s lively, multicultural cities contrast with the untouched wilderness at the edge of its urban centers.
Canada is at the top of North America above the United States. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean. The US is to the south and to the north is the Arctic Ocean. Canada takes up nearly half of the North American continent.
Canada is the second-largest country in the world after Russia. Its land covers 3.8 million square miles (9.9 million square kilometers).
The country has the longest coastline on the planet: 151,000 miles (243,000 kilometers).
Canada’s population is 36 million, concentrated along the U.S.-Canada border. It is a sparsely populated country with just 10 people per square mile (four people per square kilometer).
Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, The Northwest Territories and Yukon Territory.
Canada’s largest city is Toronto, Ontario, followed by Vancouver, British Columbia, Montreal, Quebec and Calgary, Alberta.
Canada is a youthful country and immigrants make up 21% of its population, meaning one in five is foreign born. The majority of immigrants come from Asia. About 20% of the population identify as visible minorities. This is the population breakdown by province/territory.
Canada is a constitutional monarchy and Parliamentary democracy. Its capital city is Ottawa, Ontario. The Prime Minister of Canada is Justin Trudeau, the Leader of the Liberal Party.
Produces 70% of the world's
Most donut shops
in the world (per capita)
Polar Bear capital
of the world
Home to some of the world's
best aurora viewing
Travel Times to Calgary
|Sydney||14 hr 45 min|
Alberta enjoys a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters.
Travel Times to Vancouver
|Sydney||14 hr 20 min|
British Columbia has a number of different climatic zones. In general, temperatures are warmer in the south; rainfall is heaviest along the coast; and winters coldest in the interior.
Travel Times to Winnipeg
|Sydney||18 hr 15 min|
Manitoba has a moderately dry climate with sharp seasonal temperature changes. The summers are hot and winters are cold.
Travel Times to Fredericton
|Sydney||24 hr 0 min|
New Brunswick has a typical continental climate with warm summers and cold winters, with slightly milder winters on the Gulf of St. Lawrence coastline.
Newfoundland and Labrador
|Capital City||St. John's|
|Largest City||St. John's|
Travel Times to St. John's
|Sydney||25 hr 15 min|
Newfoundland and Labrador has a wide range of climates and weather, but broadly it has warm, humid summers and cold winters.
Travel Times to Yellowknife
|Sydney||25 hr 15 min|
The mainland portion of the Northwest Territories has a subarctic climate, with short, cool summers and long, cold winters - perfect for aurora viewing.
Travel Times to Halifax
|Sydney||24 hr 50 min|
Nova Scotia enjoys a maritime climate with warm summers and cold, wet and sometimes snowy winters.
Travel Times to Toronto
|Sydney||20 hr 10 min|
Ontario has a continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters.
Prince Edward Island
Travel Times to Charlottetown
|Sydney||23 hr 55 min|
Prince Edward Island has a moderate climate that is strongly influenced by the surrounding seas with warm summers and cold winters.
|Capital City||Québec City|
Travel Times to Montréal
|Sydney||21 hr 25 min|
Québec has wide temperature variations. In the south, the weather is continental, with four seasons varying from hot summers to cold, snowy winters with lots of rain. The central and northern regions have longer, colder winters and shorter cooler summers.
Travel Times to Regina
|Sydney||22 hr 0 min|
Saskatchewan receives more hours of sunshine than any other Canadian province. It experiences a humid continental climate with hot summers and very cold winters.
Travel Times to Whitehorse
|Sydney||18 hr 25 min|
The Yukon has a sub-arctic continental climate with shorter warm summers and very cold, dark winters - perfect for aurora viewing!