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The Basics

Canada is a diverse, progressive, peaceful and welcoming nation known for its pristine wilderness and stunning natural beauty. It’s vast and varied — a place for both bucket list adventure and sophisticated culture, Canada’s lively, multicultural cities contrast with the untouched wilderness at the edge of its urban centers. 


Canada is at the top of North America above the United States. It is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the east by the Atlantic Ocean. The US is to the south and to the north is the Arctic Ocean. Canada takes up nearly half of the North American continent.


Canada is the second-largest country in the world after Russia. Its land covers 3.8 million square miles (9.9 million square kilometers).


The country has the longest coastline on the planet: 151,000 miles (243,000 kilometers).


Canada’s population is 36 million, concentrated along the U.S.-Canada border. It is a sparsely populated country with just 10 people per square mile (four people per square kilometer). 


Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, Saskatchewan, The Northwest Territories and Yukon Territory.

Major Cities

Canada’s largest city is Toronto, Ontario, followed by Vancouver, British Columbia, Montreal, Quebec and Calgary, Alberta.


Canada is a youthful country and immigrants make up 21% of its population, meaning one in five is foreign born. The majority of immigrants come from Asia. About 20% of the population identify as visible minorities. This is the population breakdown by province/territory.


Canada is a constitutional monarchy and Parliamentary democracy. Its capital city is Ottawa, Ontario. The Prime Minister of Canada is Justin Trudeau, the Leader of the Liberal Party.

Fun Facts



Home to some of the world's

best aurora viewing

Most donut shops

in the world (per capita)

Polar Bear capital

of the world

Province & Territory Facts


Population 4,067,175
Capital City Edmonton
Largest City Calgary

Travel Times to Calgary

Los Angeles 3 hr 5 min
Chicago 5 hr 30 min
New York City 5 hr 25 min
Boston 7 hr 25 min

Weather Average

Alberta enjoys a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters.

British Columbia

Population 4,648,055
Capital City Victoria
Largest City Vancouver

Travel Times to Vancouver

Los Angeles 2 hr 50 min
Chicago 4 hr 35 min
New York City 6 hr 0 min
Boston 8 hr 10 min

Weather Average

British Columbia has a number of different climatic zones. In general, temperatures are warmer in the south; rainfall is heaviest along the coast; and winters coldest in the interior.


Population 1,278,365
Capital City Winnipeg
Largest City Winnipeg

Travel Times to Winnipeg

Minneapolis 1 hr 30 min
Chicago 2 hr 20 min
Los Angeles 5 hr 25 min
San Francisco 5 hr 50 min

Weather Average

Manitoba has a moderately dry climate with sharp seasonal temperature changes. The summers are hot and winters are cold.

New Brunswick

Population 747,101
Capital City Fredericton
Largest City Moncton

Travel Times to Fredericton

Boston 4 hr 10 min
New York City 3 hr 50 min
Chicago 4 hr 45 min
Los Angeles 8 hr 0 min

Weather Average

New Brunswick has a typical continental climate with warm summers and cold winters, with slightly milder winters on the Gulf of St. Lawrence coastline.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Population 519,716
Capital City St. John's
Largest City St. John's

Travel Times to St. John's

Boston 3 hr 45 min
New York City 5 hr 20 min
Chicago 5 hr 30 min
Los Angeles 8 hr 50 min

Weather Average

Newfoundland and Labrador has a wide range of climates and weather, but broadly it has warm, humid summers and cold winters.

Northwest Territories

Population 41,786
Capital City Yellowknife
Largest City Yellowknife

Travel Times to Yellowknife

Chicago 7 hr 45 min
Los Angeles 9 hr 20 min
New York City 10 hr 55 min
Boston 10 hr 45 min

Weather Average

The mainland portion of the Northwest Territories has a subarctic climate, with short, cool summers and long, cold winters - perfect for aurora viewing.

Nova Scotia

Population 923,598
Capital City Halifax
Largest City Halifax

Travel Times to Halifax

Boston 1 hr 20 min
New York City 1 hr 45 min
Chicago 4 hr 30 min
Los Angeles 7 hr 45 min

Weather Average

Nova Scotia enjoys a maritime climate with warm summers and cold, wet and sometimes snowy winters.


Population 35,944
Capital City Iqaluit
Largest City Iqaluit

Travel Times to Iqaluit

Boston 7 hr 25 min
New York City 7 hr 45 min
Chicago 11 hr 15 min
Los Angeles 15 hr 30 min

Weather Average

Temperatures in Nunavut vary widely. In winter the days are short and cold, in the summer the Midnight Sun shines brightly over Nunavut with nearly 24-hour sunshine.


Population 13,488,494
Capital City Toronto
Largest City Toronto

Travel Times to Toronto

New York City 1 hr 25 min
Boston 1 hr 25 min
Chicago 1 hr 50 min
Los Angeles 4 hr 35 min

Weather Average

Ontario has a continental climate, with hot summers and cold winters.

Prince Edward Island

Population 142,907
Capital City Charlottetown
Largest City Charlottetown

Travel Times to Charlottetown

Boston 2 hr 55 min
New York City 4 hr 30 min
Chicago 4 hr 45 min
Los Angeles 9 hr 5 min

Weather Average

Prince Edward Island has a moderate climate that is strongly influenced by the surrounding seas with warm summers and cold winters.


Population 8,164,361
Capital City Québec City
Largest City Montréal
Major Airports
  • YQB (Québec)
  • YUL (Montréal)

Travel Times to Montréal

New York City 1 hr 10 min
Boston 1 hr 10 min
Chicago 1 hr 55 min
Los Angeles 5 hr 15 min

Weather Average

Quebec has wide temperature variations. In the south, the weather is continental, with four seasons varying from hot summers to cold, snowy winters with lots of rain. The central and northern regions have longer, colder winters and shorter cooler summers.


Population 1,098,352
Capital City Regina
Largest City Saskatoon

Travel Times to Regina

Chicago 4 hr 30 min
Los Angeles 5 hr 55 min
New York City 6 hr 10 min
Boston 6 hr 45 min

Weather Average

Saskatchewan receives more hours of sunshine than any other Canadian province. It experiences a humid continental climate with hot summers and very cold winters.


Population 35,874
Capital City Whitehorse
Largest City Whitehorse

Travel Times to Whitehorse

Los Angeles 7 hr 40 min
Chicago 9 hr 0 min
New York City 12 hr 15 min
Boston 12 hr 20 min

Weather Average

The Yukon has a sub-arctic continental climate with shorter warm summers and very cold, dark winters - perfect for aurora viewing!